Exploring the Size Disparity of African Elephant and Indian Elephant

Size disparity of African Elephant and Indian Elephant

African Elephants and Indian Elephants are two of the most recognized and loved animals on earth. Although elephants are classified as one animal species, the size difference between African and Indian Elephants is enormous. African Elephants are the largest land animals on earth, while Indian Elephants are not far behind. The size difference between these two elephant species has significant implications for their lives in the wild.

In this article, we’ll delve into the intriguing differences in size between African Elephants and Indian Elephants. We will compare their dimensions, weight, and height to understand how their size influences their lives in the wild.

Key Takeaways

  • The size disparity between African Elephants and Indian Elephants is enormous.
  • African Elephants are the largest land animals on earth.
  • Indian Elephants are not far behind in size.
  • The size difference between these two elephant species has significant implications for their lives in the wild.
  • In this article, we will compare their dimensions, weight, and height to understand how their size influences their lives in the wild.

An Overview of African Elephants

African Elephants are magnificent creatures, known for their distinctive appearance and enormous size. They are the largest land animals on Earth and can weigh up to 6,000 kg (13,000 lbs) and reach a height of over 3 meters (10 ft) at the shoulder. Their long, curved tusks and oversized ears are some of their most recognizable physical attributes.

When it comes to size, African Elephants are much larger than Indian Elephants. While both species belong to the same genus, Loxodonta, African Elephants are typically larger in every dimension. For example, male African Elephants can weigh up to twice as much as male Indian Elephants, with a maximum weight of around 6,000 kg (13,000 lbs) compared to a peak weight of 3,500 kg (7,700 lbs) for males of the Indian Elephant species.

Distinct Physical Characteristics

African Elephants have a unique set of physical characteristics that distinguish them from other elephant species. Their long, curved tusks are a defining feature, and they use them for a variety of tasks, including digging for water, stripping bark from trees, and defending themselves against predators. Their large ears are also notable and play a crucial role in regulating their body temperature.

African Elephants have a distinctive shape, with a rounded back and a sloping forehead that dips between their tusks. They also have a concave shape to their back, which is different from the straighter backs of Indian Elephants.

African Elephant Size Differences

The size differences between African Elephants and Indian Elephants are significant, and they affect various aspects of their lives. African Elephants require more food and water than their Indian counterparts because of their larger size, and they also need more space to roam and forage. Additionally, their size can impact their social behavior, hierarchy, and mating patterns.

Overall, African Elephants are an impressive species, known for their incredible size, unique physical characteristics, and important role in the ecosystem. In the next section, we’ll explore Indian Elephants and their distinct size characteristics.

Understanding Indian Elephants

Indian Elephant size characteristics

Indian Elephants (Elephas maximus indicus) are slightly smaller than African Elephants, but still impressive in size. They have several unique size characteristics that distinguish them from their African counterparts.

Indian Elephants have a distinctively arched back, unlike the level backs of African Elephants. Their ears are smaller in size than African Elephants as well. Additionally, Indian Elephants have a different number of toenails on each foot, with the hind feet having four toenails and the front feet having five.

Their size can vary depending on their habitat and geographic location. For example, Indian Elephants living in Sri Lanka tend to be smaller than those living in India or Southeast Asia.

Physical Characteristics

Indian Elephants have a height of around 6 to 11 feet at the shoulder and can weigh anywhere from 2,500 to 11,000 pounds, with males being larger than females. They have a longer lifespan than African Elephants, with some individuals living up to 70 years.

Their tusks are usually smaller than those of African Elephants, but are still prominent. Similar to African Elephants, only males have tusks, which are elongated incisor teeth that grow throughout their life. In contrast to African Elephants, Indian Elephants have a more symmetrical arrangement of tusks, with both tusks curving outward and upward.

Indian Elephants possess a prehensile trunk that is used for a variety of tasks, such as grasping food and objects, spraying water on their bodies for cooling, and even as a snorkel when swimming. Their skin is grayish-brown with patches of pink and can be up to an inch thick. They also have a hump on their forehead that can be used to push objects or other elephants.

Overall, Indian Elephants are unique in their size characteristics and play an important role in their ecosystems. Understanding their size and physical attributes is crucial for conservation efforts to protect these magnificent creatures for generations to come.

Comparing Weight and Height

When it comes to the size of African and Indian Elephants, weight and height are two essential factors to consider.

African Elephants are the larger of the two species, with males weighing in at around 5,500 to 6,600 kg and females at 2,700 to 3,600 kg. Males can reach a height of up to 4 meters at the shoulder, while females typically measure around 3 meters.

Comparatively, Indian Elephants are smaller, with males weighing between 2,700 and 4,500 kg and females between 1,600 and 2,700 kg. Their height ranges from 2 to 3.5 meters, with males typically taller than females.

The size comparison chart above highlights the significant weight and height differences between African and Indian Elephants. It’s essential to note that both species have distinct physical characteristics beyond their size that distinguish them from each other.

Comparing Weight and Height

To gain a more in-depth understanding of the differences in weight and height between African and Indian Elephants, let’s compare their measurements side by side:

Elephant Species Weight (kg) Height (meters)
African Elephant (Male) 5,500-6,600 Up to 4
African Elephant (Female) 2,700-3,600 Around 3
Indian Elephant (Male) 2,700-4,500 2-3.5
Indian Elephant (Female) 1,600-2,700 2-3

As we can see, African Elephants are significantly larger than Indian Elephants when it comes to both weight and height. However, it’s important to note that the size of both species is critical to their survival and plays an essential role in their behavior, social structure, and interactions with their environments.

Factors Influencing Size Disparity

Size comparison between African and Indian elephants

The size disparity between African and Indian Elephants can be attributed to various factors. Genetics, habitat, and evolutionary adaptations all play a role in the differences between these two species.

One significant factor is their geographic location. African Elephants inhabit a broader range of habitats, from savannas to forests, while Indian Elephants are primarily found in tropical and subtropical forests. This difference in habitat may have contributed to the evolution of their distinct physical characteristics.

Genetic differences also play a role. African and Indian Elephants diverged from a common ancestor around six million years ago, and their distinct genetic paths have led to differences in morphology, physiology, and behavior.

Another essential factor is the need to survive in their respective environments. African Elephants live in areas with fewer predators, and their large size may have evolved as a defense mechanism against human hunters. In contrast, Indian Elephants live in densely forested areas with numerous predators, and their size may be adapted for maneuvering through tight spaces and avoiding predators.

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Evolutionary Adaptations

“Elephants are unique creatures, with a rich evolutionary history. Their size is just one of the many traits that have evolved over millions of years to help them survive and thrive in their respective environments.”

These evolutionary adaptations have led to distinct differences in size between the two species. African Elephants are larger in size, with longer and heavier tusks, broader ears, and a more extensive body. On the other hand, Indian Elephants are slightly smaller, with smaller ears, shorter and lighter tusks, and a more compact body.

The table above displays a side-by-side comparison of the size dimensions of African and Indian Elephants, highlighting their differences in weight and height.

Overall, the size disparity between African and Indian Elephants is a result of a combination of genetic, environmental, and evolutionary factors. Understanding these differences is crucial in conserving and protecting these magnificent creatures as we move forward.

Adaptations for Survival

African elephant vs Indian elephant size comparison

The differences in size between African and Indian Elephants have led to distinct adaptations that help them survive in their respective environments. For African Elephants, their larger size allows them to travel further distances in search of food and water. This is especially important during the dry season when resources are scarce. Additionally, their long tusks are used for defense against predators and foraging for food.

Indian Elephants, on the other hand, have adapted to their slightly smaller size by being more agile. Their smaller ears allow them to navigate through dense forests and their trunks are more dexterous for grasping leaves and smaller objects. They are also known to be strong swimmers and have adapted to their aquatic environments.

Adaptations for Survival: An Example

An excellent example of these adaptations can be seen in the feeding habits of these two species. African Elephants have a more extensive diet, feeding on various trees and bushes. Their larger size allows them to reach high branches and break off tough plant material that other species cannot access. Conversely, Indian Elephants have a more selective diet. Their smaller size and agility allow them to navigate through dense forests and search for specific plants and fruits.

This chart provides a clear visual representation of the size differences between African and Indian Elephants. It is evident that African Elephants are significantly larger than their Indian counterparts, with a length that is almost twice as long, and a weight that is four times heavier. These size differences have resulted in adaptations that allow both species to thrive in their respective habitats.

Size and Social Structure

African Elephant vs Indian Elephant size comparison chart

The size of elephants significantly influences their social structure and interactions. African Elephants and Indian Elephants differ in size, and their size affects their hierarchy, mating behaviors, and relationships within their herds.

African Elephants live in herds that consist of females and young elephants led by a dominant female known as the matriarch. The matriarch is typically the oldest, most experienced female elephant in the herd. She is responsible for making decisions that affect the entire group, including their movements, feeding behavior, and defense mechanisms. Male African Elephants live in bachelor groups or solitary lives and only join the herd during mating season.

Indian Elephants also live in herds, but their social structure differs from African Elephants. Indian Elephant herds are typically smaller and consist of females and young elephants led by a dominant female elephant. Male Indian Elephants live alone, joining the herd during the mating season. Unlike African Elephant herds, Indian Elephant herds allow for more individual freedom in movement and decision-making.

Size and Mating Behaviors

The size of elephants also affects their mating behaviors. African Elephants have a more competitive mating system than Indian Elephants. Male African Elephants fight for the opportunity to mate with females, and the larger and stronger males have an advantage in this situation. African Elephants also engage in musth, a period of heightened testosterone levels that increases their aggression and mating competitiveness.

In contrast, Indian Elephants have a more relaxed mating system. Male Indian Elephants typically do not fight for the opportunity to mate with females, and the females have more freedom to choose their mates. The smaller size of Indian Elephants may contribute to their more relaxed mating system.

Size and Hierarchical Structure

The size of elephants also affects their hierarchical structure. Larger elephants typically have a higher rank in the herd and dominate in decision-making processes. In African Elephant herds, the matriarch is typically the largest and most experienced female elephant. In Indian Elephant herds, the largest female elephant typically leads the herd.

Size also plays a role in male elephant hierarchies. In African Elephant bachelor groups, larger males tend to be more dominant and have more mating opportunities. In Indian Elephant bachelor groups, the most experienced male elephant typically leads the group.

The size differences between African Elephants and Indian Elephants play a crucial role in their social interactions and behavior. Understanding the impact of their size on their lives in the wild is essential to appreciate the diversity and importance of these magnificent creatures.

Foraging and Diet Differences

African and Indian Elephant Foraging Habits

The size differences between African and Indian Elephants influence their foraging habits and dietary preferences. African Elephants have a larger body size and require a greater quantity of food to sustain themselves. They consume a wide variety of plant species, including fruits, flowers, and leaves that grow at different heights. They use their long trunks to reach high branches and their powerful tusks to uproot trees and shrubs.

On the other hand, Indian Elephants have narrower diets, consisting mainly of grasses, bark, and fruits. They have smaller tusks than African Elephants, making it difficult for them to uproot trees. As a result, they spend more time foraging for food and may require a larger area to find sufficient nutrients.

The differences in their foraging habits and diets have implications for the environment. African Elephants’ diverse diets allow them to play a crucial role in maintaining the balance of their ecosystems by spreading the seeds of different plant species. In contrast, Indian Elephants’ diets consist mainly of grass, making them important grazers in their ecosystems.

Reproduction and Parental Care

African Elephant and calf

Size disparities between African and Indian Elephants have significant implications for their reproductive processes and parental care. Female elephants carry their offspring for nearly two years before giving birth.

The average gestation period for African Elephants is around 22 months, while Indian Elephants have a slightly shorter gestation period of 18-22 months. The size of the elephants influences the size of both the newborn calf and the mother, which can impact the birthing process.

Parental Care

Once born, elephant calves rely heavily on their mothers for survival. The size difference between African and Indian Elephants can affect the level of parental care available to the newborn calf.

African Elephants have a higher survival rate for their offspring due in part to the protection offered by their larger size. They are better equipped to ward off predators and provide greater support to their young. Indian Elephant mothers may not have the same capacity to protect their calves due to their smaller size.

Reproductive Processes

The size difference between African and Indian Elephants can also impact their reproductive processes. African Elephants have a higher reproductive rate due to their larger size. They can carry more offspring, and their larger size allows them to mate with more partners. Indian Elephant females may have fewer offspring due to their smaller size and reproductive limitations.

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Interestingly, male African Elephants have a higher chance of mating with females due to their size advantage. Dominant males are more likely to mate with available females, making their size a significant factor in their reproductive success.

“The size difference between African and Indian Elephants can impact their reproductive processes and parental care.”

Size as a Defense Mechanism

African Elephant and Indian Elephant size comparison

The size of both the African Elephant and the Indian Elephant has evolved as a defense mechanism against predators. Their large size makes them less vulnerable to attacks and provides protection for their young. African Elephants are the largest land animals on Earth, with a height of up to 13 feet and a weight of up to 14,000 pounds. In comparison, Indian Elephants are slightly smaller, with a height of up to 11 feet and a weight of up to 11,000 pounds.

Their size and weight also give elephants an advantage in their habitat. They can push down trees to access food, create pathways through forests, and dig for sources of water.

Their large size also allows them to communicate with other elephants over long distances through low-frequency sounds and vibrations in the ground. This communication is essential for maintaining their social structure and warning each other of potential danger.

Overall, the size of African and Indian Elephants serves as an essential defense mechanism that has allowed them to survive and thrive in their respective environments.

Human Impact on Size Disparity

Size Disparity of African Elephant and Indian Elephant

The size disparity between African and Indian Elephants has been affected by various human activities over time. These activities have contributed to changes in elephants’ habitats, food sources, and overall survival.

Historically, the ivory trade played a significant role in reducing the size of African Elephants. Elephants with larger tusks were often hunted for their ivory, which led to a decrease in their size and genetic diversity over time. Additionally, habitat destruction, poaching, and habitat fragmentation have all contributed to the reduction in elephant size.

The impact of human activities on Indian Elephants has been more recent and less severe. However, habitat loss and fragmentation due to urbanization and agriculture development have resulted in significant changes in their size, genetic diversity, and overall survival.

“Human activities have had a direct impact on the size disparity between African and Indian Elephants. It is essential to understand these impacts and work towards preserving the size and genetic diversity of both elephant species to ensure their survival in the future.”

Conservation efforts have been implemented to protect the size and genetic diversity of both African and Indian Elephants. These efforts include habitat restoration, anti-poaching measures, and captive breeding programs. However, more work needs to be done to ensure the long-term survival of these majestic creatures.

Impact of Size Disparity on Conservation Efforts

The size disparity between African and Indian Elephants affects conservation efforts in various ways. For instance, it influences the design of conservation programs, which must be tailored to the specific needs of each elephant species. Additionally, the size difference affects the transportation and handling of elephants in captivity, requiring different equipment and facilities.

African Elephant Indian Elephant
Average height at the shoulder: 8.2 – 13 feet Average height at the shoulder: 6.6 – 11 feet
Average weight: 5,000 – 14,000 pounds Average weight: 4,000 – 11,000 pounds
Average lifespan: 70 years Average lifespan: 60 years

The size disparity between African and Indian Elephants has a significant impact on their conservation efforts, requiring tailored measures for each species’ specific needs and requirements.

Overall, the size disparity between African and Indian Elephants is a crucial factor in their survival and conservation efforts. Human activities have had a direct impact on their size differences, emphasizing the need for ongoing conservation efforts and education to preserve these magnificent creatures for generations to come.

Conservation Efforts and Size Preservation

African and Indian Elephant size comparison chart

Conservationists play a critical role in preserving the genetic diversity and size of both African and Indian Elephants. African Elephants have experienced a significant decline in population due to poaching, habitat loss, and human-elephant conflict. Meanwhile, Indian Elephants are classified as endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature.

One of the most significant threats to elephants is habitat loss, caused by human activities such as deforestation and urbanization. Elephant corridors, which are routes elephants use to move from one area to another, are also crucial for their survival. Conservationists work to protect these corridors and restore degraded habitats to ensure elephants have access to food, water, and shelter.

Another essential aspect of conservation is monitoring the size of elephant populations. This includes tracking their weight and height to understand their growth patterns and ensure genetic diversity. One way to do this is by using a size comparison chart, which measures various physical characteristics of elephants and compares them to others in their species.

Conservation efforts also include addressing human-elephant conflict. This can involve implementing measures such as electric fences, trenches, and early warning systems to minimize crop damage and prevent physical harm to humans and elephants.

Overall, conservation efforts are crucial for protecting the size, habitat, and genetic diversity of elephant populations. By working together to address these challenges, we can ensure that these magnificent creatures continue to thrive for generations to come.

Size Disparity and Ecological Balance

African Elephant and Indian Elephant size comparison chart

The size differences between African and Indian Elephants play a crucial role in maintaining ecological balance in their respective environments. African Elephants, being the larger species, can have a greater impact on their ecosystem, shaping the landscape through their feeding habits and creating water sources by digging in riverbeds.

Indian Elephants, though smaller, are still important contributors to their environment. They are known for their ability to consume a variety of plant species, promoting diversity within their habitat. Their smaller size also allows them to navigate through denser forests, reaching areas that larger animals cannot.

The variation in size between these two species also has implications for the other organisms that share their ecosystem. For example, a study conducted in South Africa found that the browsing activities of African Elephants can increase the presence of certain plant species, while decreasing others, which in turn affects the populations of insects and birds that rely on those plants.

Similarly, in India, the smaller size of Indian Elephants allows them to share forest space with other large herbivores, such as Gaurs and Sambar Deer, without competing for resources.

This size comparison chart highlights some of the key differences in weight and height between African and Indian Elephants. It’s important to note that these are generalizations, and individual elephants can vary in size due to genetics, age, and habitat conditions.

Conclusion

The size differences between African and Indian Elephants are not just fascinating but also have significant implications for their respective ecosystems. Understanding these differences can help us appreciate the value and importance of these majestic creatures in maintaining ecological balance.

Human-Elephant Conflict and Size Disparity

African and Indian elephants in nature

Human-elephant conflict is a growing issue that arises due to various factors, including the size disparity of African and Indian Elephants. As human populations expand, their settlements, agriculture, and infrastructure increasingly overlap with elephant habitats. This encroachment leads to competition for resources, destruction of elephant habitats, and stress on the animals.

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The larger size of African Elephants can make them more dangerous to humans and their property, leading to increased human-elephant conflicts. While Indian Elephants are smaller, they can also cause significant damage to crops and homes, leading to conflict and retaliation from people.

“The larger size of African Elephants can make them more dangerous to humans and their property, leading to increased human-elephant conflicts.”

Efforts to mitigate human-elephant conflict include implementing elephant-proof fencing, crop rotation to reduce crop damage, and better waste management to reduce human-wildlife interaction. Conservationists also work to educate local communities about elephant behavior and how to coexist with them.

Understanding the size differences between African and Indian Elephants is crucial in efforts to reduce human-elephant conflict and promote peaceful coexistence. By developing effective solutions, we can preserve both human and elephant lives and habitats.

The Importance of Data in Understanding Human-Elephant Conflict

Data is essential in developing effective solutions to mitigate human-elephant conflict. By analyzing trends in elephant behavior, population size, and habitat use, conservationists can identify high-risk areas and take preventative measures.

One example of data analysis in action is the Elephant Listening Project, which uses acoustic monitoring to track elephant movements and behavior in Central Africa. This data allows researchers to identify high-risk areas where human and elephant conflict is likely to occur and develop targeted interventions to mitigate conflict.

African Elephant Indian Elephant
Height (at shoulder) 8-13 feet 6-11 feet
Weight (adult male) 5-14 tons 3-5.5 tons
Tusk Length (adult male) 5-8 feet 2-6 feet

The table above showcases the clear differences in height, weight, and tusk length between African and Indian Elephants. By understanding these differences and how they influence behavior and habitat use, conservationists can make informed decisions to mitigate human-elephant conflict and promote coexistence.

Future Perspectives on Elephant Size

Size disparity of African Elephant and Indian Elephant

The study of African and Indian Elephants has been an ongoing area of research, with new insights and discoveries continually emerging. As we learn more about these fascinating creatures, there are several potential future perspectives on elephant size that could provide additional understanding.

Genetic Analysis

One area of exploration is genetic analysis. Scientists could study the genetic makeup of African and Indian Elephants to identify specific genes that influence their size. This research could provide insight into the evolutionary origins of elephant size and why there are differences between the two species.

Climate Change

Another area of interest is the impact of climate change on elephant size. As habitats change and global temperatures rise, there may be effects on elephant growth and development. Studying these potential effects could provide valuable information on how we can protect elephant populations in the future.

Conservation Strategies

Finally, there is ongoing research into conservation strategies for African and Indian Elephants. By working to protect their habitats and populations, we can help ensure that these magnificent creatures continue to thrive in the wild. Future developments in conservation efforts may lead to new insights into the factors that influence elephant size and how we can preserve their genetic diversity.

As we consider the future perspectives on elephant size, it’s clear that ongoing research and conservation efforts are crucial for protecting these majestic creatures. By understanding the factors that influence their size, we can work to ensure the long-term survival of both African and Indian Elephants in their natural habitats.

Conclusion

The size disparity between African and Indian Elephants is truly remarkable. It is clear that their size influences many aspects of their lives, including their social structures, behavior, diet, and interactions with humans.

Conservation Efforts are Vital

It is crucial that we take active steps to protect these magnificent animals and preserve their size and genetic diversity. Conservation efforts play a critical role in protecting elephant populations and ensuring their survival.

Future Perspectives

As we continue to gain a better understanding of elephants, there is a potential for new research to shed additional light on the size disparity between African and Indian Elephants. Ongoing research and conservation efforts are essential for preserving these amazing creatures for generations to come.

Appreciating the Diversity

Despite their size differences, both African and Indian Elephants are remarkable animals that play crucial roles in maintaining ecological balance in their respective habitats. By understanding and appreciating their unique characteristics, we can better appreciate the diversity and beauty of the natural world.

Overall, the size of elephants is a fascinating topic that highlights the incredible diversity of life on Earth. By continuing to study, protect, and appreciate these fascinating creatures, we can help ensure their survival and preserve their place in our world for many years to come.

FAQ

What is the size disparity between African Elephants and Indian Elephants?

African Elephants are larger than Indian Elephants, with distinct physical characteristics such as long tusks and ears.

How do African Elephants and Indian Elephants differ in size?

African Elephants are the largest land animals on Earth, while Indian Elephants are slightly smaller but still impressive in size.

Can you provide a comparison of weight and height between African Elephants and Indian Elephants?

African Elephants are heavier and taller than Indian Elephants. We’ll provide a convenient size comparison chart for a detailed comparison.

What factors contribute to the size disparity between African Elephants and Indian Elephants?

The size disparity can be attributed to various factors, including genetics, habitat, and evolutionary adaptations.

How have African Elephants and Indian Elephants adapted to their respective sizes?

The size differences between these two species have led to specific adaptations that help them survive in their environments.

How does the size of elephants impact their social structure and relationships?

The size of elephants plays a crucial role in their social hierarchy, mating behaviors, and relationships within their herds.

Does the size disparity between African Elephants and Indian Elephants affect their foraging habits and dietary preferences?

Yes, the size disparities can influence their foraging habits and dietary preferences.

How does size influence the reproductive processes and parental care of African Elephants and Indian Elephants?

The size differences between these species have implications for their reproductive processes and parental care.

How does the large size of elephants serve as a defense mechanism?

The large size of both African and Indian Elephants provides protection against predators.

How have human activities impacted the size disparity between African Elephants and Indian Elephants?

Human activities have contributed to shifts in the size disparity between these elephant species.

What are the conservation efforts in place to preserve the size and genetic diversity of African Elephants and Indian Elephants?

Conservation efforts are crucial for protecting the size and genetic diversity of these magnificent creatures.

How does the size disparity between African Elephants and Indian Elephants contribute to ecological balance?

The size differences between these species play a vital role in maintaining ecological balance in their respective ecosystems.

Can the size disparities between African Elephants and Indian Elephants contribute to human-elephant conflicts?

Yes, size disparities can contribute to human-elephant conflicts, and mitigating these conflicts requires careful consideration.

Are there any future perspectives or potential developments regarding the size disparity between African Elephants and Indian Elephants?

Ongoing research may provide further insights into the size disparity between these elephant species.

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BaronCooke

Baron Cooke has been writing and editing for 7 years. He grew up with an aptitude for geometry, statistics, and dimensions. He has a BA in construction management and also has studied civil infrastructure, engineering, and measurements. He is the head writer of measuringknowhow.com

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