Gray Wolf vs. Coyote: Size Comparison

Gray Wolf vs. Coyote: Size comparison

When it comes to the world of wild canids, the Gray Wolf and the Coyote are two highly distinct species. While they may share some similarities, there are significant differences in their size and physical attributes. In this in-depth guide, we will compare the size of these two magnificent animals, exploring their weight, length, height, and overall size differences. By the end of this article, you will have a better understanding of how these two species differ in size and appearance.

Key Takeaways

  • The Gray Wolf and the Coyote are two distinct species of wild canids.
  • Comparing their size differences can help differentiate the two species in the wild.
  • The Gray Wolf is larger than the Coyote in overall size and physical attributes.
  • Weight, length, and height are important factors in understanding the size differences between these two species.
  • It is fascinating to compare and contrast the physical attributes of these two magnificent wild animals.

Gray Wolf Size

The Gray Wolf, or timber wolf, is one of the largest wild canids. These majestic animals have a large size, due to their muscular body structure and thick fur coat that enables them to withstand harsh weather conditions. The size of the Gray Wolf varies according to their geographic location and subspecies.

On average, an adult Gray Wolf weighs between 70 and 120 pounds, with males being larger than females. Their length ranges between 4.5 and 6.5 feet, while their height at the shoulder can reach up to 3 feet. Another remarkable feature of the Gray Wolf is their long and bushy tail, which can measure up to one-third of their body length.

The Gray Wolf is indeed an impressive and dominant predator, capable of taking down large prey such as elk, deer, and moose, making them one of the most important carnivores in their ecosystem.

Gray Wolf size comparison chart

Weight70-120 pounds
Length4.5-6.5 feet
Height at ShoulderUp to 3 feet
Tail LengthUp to one-third of their body length

“The Gray Wolf is the largest wild canine in North America, and is known for its intelligence, strength, and striking appearance.”

Overall, the Gray Wolf is an impressive and fascinating animal that commands respect and admiration for its physical strength and resilience in the wild.

Coyote Size

coyote size

The Coyote is a smaller wild canid, also known as the prairie wolf or brush wolf. They are widespread across North America and can be found in various habitats, including forests, grasslands, and deserts.

On average, adult Coyotes typically weigh between 20 to 50 pounds, measuring around 30 to 32 inches in total length, from their nose to their tail. Males are generally larger than females, with a slight difference in size. Coyotes have a distinctive bushy tail, which measures around 12 to 16 inches.

Compared to the Gray Wolf, the Coyote is much smaller in size. They are around a quarter of the weight of an adult Gray Wolf and almost half their length. This size difference plays a crucial role in differentiating these two species in the wild.

In terms of height, adult Coyotes measure around 20 to 22 inches at their shoulders. This measurement is significantly shorter than the average height of an adult Gray Wolf.

Coyotes are adaptable and resourceful animals, capable of surviving in different environments. They are skilled hunters and can feed on a variety of prey, including small mammals, birds, reptiles, and fruits.

In conclusion, the Coyote is a smaller relative of the Gray Wolf, with distinctive physical differences in size, weight, length, and height. These factors play a vital role in distinguishing these two species in the wild, with Coyotes being more adaptable to various environments due to their smaller size.

Gray Wolf Weight

The Gray Wolf is one of the largest wild canids, and its weight plays a crucial role in understanding its physical prowess. On average, adult Gray Wolves can weigh between 70-130 pounds. However, some individuals have been recorded to weigh as much as 180 pounds, emphasizing their massive size and strength compared to other wild canines.

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The Gray Wolf’s weight can vary depending on various factors, including its location, subspecies, and food availability. For instance, Gray Wolves living in colder climates or areas with limited food supplies tend to be larger. Conversely, those living in warmer climates with abundant food sources tend to be smaller in size.

According to The Wolf Almanac by Robert Busch, the heaviest recorded Gray Wolf in North America was a male from Alaska, which weighed 175 pounds.

The Gray Wolf’s weight is a testament to its powerful hunting abilities, which have made it an integral part of many ecosystems. As apex predators, Gray Wolves mainly feed on large ungulates such as deer and moose. Their weight enables them to take down prey that would be impossible for other smaller predators such as Coyotes.

Overall, the Gray Wolf’s weight is a significant factor in understanding its physical size, strength, and role in the wild.

Coyote Weight

Coyote weighting on a blue background

Weight plays a vital role in understanding the size of an animal. Adult Coyotes are significantly smaller than Gray Wolves, weighing between 20-50 pounds, depending on their gender and geographic location.

According to research, male Coyotes are usually larger than females, with males weighing between 30-50 pounds and females between 20-35 pounds. In comparison to Gray Wolves, Coyotes are notably smaller, weighing an average of 100 pounds less than their larger counterparts.

A study conducted by the University of Wisconsin-Madison has shown that Coyotes have adapted their body size to survive in urban areas. The study found that urban Coyotes tend to be larger in size in comparison to their rural counterparts. Urban Coyotes are also known to be more accustomed to human presence, which might explain why they are seen more frequently in urban areas.

While Coyotes may be smaller than Gray Wolves, they are still fascinating wild animals that play critical ecological roles in their respective habitats.

Gray Wolf Length

Gray Wolf Length image

The Gray Wolf is a majestic animal, known for its imposing size and strength. The average length of an adult Gray Wolf varies between 3.9 to 5.9 feet (120 to 180 cm).

Gray Wolf LengthMeasurement
Minimum Length3.9 feet (120 cm)
Maximum Length5.9 feet (180 cm)

The length of a Gray Wolf’s body is proportionate to its weight and height, contributing to its impressive appearance. The Gray Wolf’s long legs and slender body allow it to run fast and cover long distances, making it a formidable predator in the wilderness.

Gray Wolves are social animals and often hunt in packs, relying on their size and strength to take down prey. Their size serves as an advantage in this regard, allowing them to overpower animals much larger than themselves.

Gray Wolf Length vs Coyote Length

Compared to the Coyote, the Gray Wolf is significantly larger in length. While adult Coyotes have an average length of 3.6 to 4.9 feet (110 to 150 cm), they are considerably smaller than the Gray Wolf. The length difference between the two animals is particularly apparent when they are seen side by side in the wild.

“The Gray Wolf’s length can be almost twice that of a Coyote, making it a formidable creature in the wild.”

The Gray Wolf’s length is just one aspect that sets it apart from the Coyote, showcasing how each animal has adapted to thrive in different environments. Understanding these differences is essential to gaining a deeper appreciation for the natural world around us.

Coyote Length

Coyote length comparison

Coyotes are smaller than Gray Wolves, and their length is one of the factors that differentiates them from their larger counterparts. On average, adult Coyotes measure between 32-37 inches in length from head to tail.

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Interestingly, the length of a Coyote’s tail constitutes about 40% of its total length, measuring around 16-20 inches on its own.

The length of a Coyote can vary slightly depending on its geographic location. For instance, Coyotes located further up north tend to be larger in size than those found in southern areas.

Coyote vs Gray Wolf Length

While Coyotes are relatively small, measuring around 32-37 inches in length, Gray Wolves are significantly larger, with adults measuring up to 6.5 feet in length from head to tail.

Furthermore, a Gray Wolf’s tail constitutes around one-third of its total length and can measure up to 20 inches, making them significantly longer than the Coyote’s tail.

In terms of length, the significant difference between these two species highlights the Gray Wolf’s larger and more imposing physical presence.

Gray Wolf Height

Gray Wolf Height

The Gray Wolf is an impressive animal that commands attention with its sheer size. Adult Gray Wolves are one of the tallest wild canids, towering over many other animals in their natural habitat.

The average height of an adult Gray Wolf is around 31 to 32 inches at the shoulder, with males being slightly larger than females. This height measurement is taken from the ground to the top of the shoulder, and it is a good indicator of the animal’s overall size.

Gray Wolf HeightMeasurement (in inches)
Minimum Height28
Average Height31-32
Maximum Height38

The Gray Wolf’s height is one of the factors that allows it to be an apex predator in many ecosystems, including forests and grasslands. This height advantage enables the Gray Wolf to hunt and take down larger prey, making it a key player in maintaining the balance of the ecosystem.

Coyote Height

Coyote height comparison

The height of a Coyote is an essential anatomical aspect that makes it easier to distinguish them from Gray Wolves. On average, adult Coyotes stand around 60-66 cm (24-26 inches) tall at the shoulder.

Although it is smaller than its Gray Wolf relative, the Coyote’s height is still impressive, allowing them to navigate through their environments with ease. They have long, slender legs that help them move quickly across different terrains.

In comparison to their height, Coyotes have a relatively small head with a narrow snout. Their ears are pointed and erect, which enables them to hear small prey moving in the brush.

As seen in the image above, the height of the Coyote is significantly smaller than that of the Gray Wolf. This difference in size is mainly due to their distinct habitats and lifestyle, as Gray Wolves require a larger stature to take down larger prey and defend their territory.

The Importance of Coyote Height

The height of Coyotes is an essential aspect of their anatomy as it allows them to hunt, forage, and move through their environment effectively. Their height enables them to spot potential prey and evade predators, making it easier for them to survive in the wild.

“The Coyote’s height is not something to be overlooked. Despite the differences in size between the Gray Wolf and the Coyote, both animals have adapted well to their respective environments.”

In conclusion, the height of a Coyote may be smaller than that of a Gray Wolf; it still plays a crucial role in allowing them to survive in the wild and navigate through their environment effectively. Understanding the distinct characteristics of these two fascinating canids provides us with an appreciation for their unique anatomical features.

Gray Wolf vs. Coyote Size Difference

Gray Wolf and Coyote size difference

When it comes to comparing the Gray Wolf and the Coyote, size is one of the most significant differences between the two species. The Gray Wolf is significantly larger and heavier than the Coyote, making them easy to differentiate in the wild. Let’s take a closer look at some of the size differences between the Gray Wolf and the Coyote.

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The Gray Wolf is much heavier than the Coyote, with adult Gray Wolves weighing between 60 to 175 pounds, while adult Coyotes weigh between 20 to 50 pounds. This means that Gray Wolves can weigh up to three times more than Coyotes, showcasing a clear difference in their physical mass.


Adult Gray Wolves can reach lengths of up to 6.5 feet from nose to tail, while adult Coyotes typically reach lengths of up to 4 feet. This means that Gray Wolves are almost twice as long as Coyotes, indicating a significant difference in size between the two species.


The Gray Wolf is also taller than the Coyote, with an average height of 2.5 to 3.5 feet compared to the Coyote’s height of 1.5 to 2 feet. That means that Gray Wolves can stand almost twice as tall as Coyotes, adding to their impressive physical stature.

By comparing the weight, length, and height of Gray Wolves and Coyotes, it becomes clear that there is a substantial size difference between these two species. While Coyotes are smaller and lighter, Gray Wolves are much larger and heavier, showcasing their dominance in the wild.


The Gray Wolf and Coyote are two unique and fascinating animals that share many similarities, including their common ancestry. However, they also have significant differences in their physical size and structure.

Through our comprehensive guide, we have explored and compared the different aspects of their size, including weight, length, and height, providing a better understanding of how these animals differ.

While the Gray Wolf is the larger of the two, with an average weight of 88-132 pounds, and a height of 26-32 inches at the shoulder, the Coyote is a smaller relative, weighing in at about 20-50 pounds and standing at 21-24 inches at the shoulder.

Overall, understanding the size differences between the Gray Wolf and Coyote can help us distinguish them from one another in the wild and appreciate their unique physical characteristics.

Thank you for reading this guide on Gray Wolf vs Coyote size comparison.


How big is a Gray Wolf compared to a Coyote?

Gray Wolves are generally larger than Coyotes in terms of weight, length, and height.

What is the average size of an adult Gray Wolf?

Adult Gray Wolves can weigh anywhere between 60 to 120 pounds, measure around 4.5 to 6.5 feet in length, and stand approximately 2.5 to 3.5 feet tall at the shoulder.

How big are adult Coyotes?

Adult Coyotes are smaller compared to Gray Wolves, with an average weight ranging from 20 to 50 pounds, a length of about 3.5 to 4.5 feet, and a height of 1.5 to 2 feet.

What is the average weight of a Gray Wolf?

Adult Gray Wolves generally weigh between 60 to 120 pounds, with males typically being larger and heavier than females.

How much does a Coyote weigh?

Adult Coyotes typically weigh between 20 to 50 pounds, with males tending to be slightly larger and heavier than females.

What is the average length of a Gray Wolf?

Adult Gray Wolves have an average length of approximately 4.5 to 6.5 feet from the nose to the tip of the tail.

How long are adult Coyotes?

Adult Coyotes measure around 3.5 to 4.5 feet in length, including their tail.

What is the average height of a Gray Wolf?

Adult Gray Wolves typically stand at the shoulder with a height ranging from 2.5 to 3.5 feet.

How tall are adult Coyotes?

Adult Coyotes have an average height of approximately 1.5 to 2 feet at the shoulder.

What are the size differences between Gray Wolves and Coyotes?

Gray Wolves are generally larger and heavier than Coyotes, with significant differences in weight, length, and height.


Baron Cooke has been writing and editing for 7 years. He grew up with an aptitude for geometry, statistics, and dimensions. He has a BA in construction management and also has studied civil infrastructure, engineering, and measurements. He is the head writer of

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