Learn to CSS Set Image Size Without Stretching Effectively

css set image size without stretching

Setting the size of an image in CSS without stretching it can be achieved through various techniques that allow you to maintain the image’s aspect ratio while changing its size. Whether you’re working on a website or a web application, it’s crucial to have control over how images appear to ensure a visually appealing and professional look.

One effective technique is to use the “max-width” property. By setting the maximum width of the image to be equal to the width of its container, the image will scale down proportionally, avoiding distortion. This method is particularly useful for responsive designs, where the image needs to adapt to different screen sizes.

Another technique involves using a background image and adjusting properties like background-size and background-position. By manipulating these properties, you can resize the image without stretching it, ensuring the aspect ratio remains intact. This technique is great when you want to fit an image within a container and position it precisely.

The third technique, utilizing the “object-fit” property, provides even more control over image resizing. By specifying “object-fit: cover” or “object-fit: contain,” you can fit the image within the container while maintaining its aspect ratio. This method is particularly useful when you need precise control over how the image scales.

Key Takeaways:

  • Setting image size in CSS without stretching is essential for maintaining a professional and visually appealing website or web application.
  • The “max-width” property allows for responsive image sizing without distortion, as it adapts the image to the container width.
  • Using background images and adjusting properties like background-size and background-position provides precise control over image size without stretching.
  • The “object-fit” property offers versatile options for resizing images, allowing you to fit them within containers while maintaining aspect ratios.
  • Consider your specific requirements and browser support when deciding which image sizing technique to use.

Using the “max-width” Property to Adjust Image Size

One effective technique to set the size of an image without stretching it in CSS is by utilizing the “max-width” property, which intelligently adjusts the width of the image based on the width of its container. This technique is particularly useful for maintaining image aspect ratio while resizing.

To apply this technique, simply set the “max-width” property of the image to a specific value or percentage. For example:

<img src="image.jpg" alt="Example Image" style="max-width: 100%;">

In this code snippet, the “max-width” property is set to 100%, which means that the image will never exceed the width of its container. This ensures that the image stays proportionate and the aspect ratio is maintained.

css set image size without stretching

By using the “max-width” property, you can effectively control the size of your images in CSS without distorting them. This technique is compatible with most modern browsers and provides a simple yet powerful solution for maintaining image aspect ratio.

However, it is important to note that the “max-width” property only affects the width of the image. To maintain the image’s aspect ratio, you may also need to set the height property to “auto” or use other techniques, such as flexbox or CSS grid, depending on your specific requirements.

Pros Cons
  • Easy to implement
  • Maintains image aspect ratio
  • Compatible with most modern browsers
  • May require additional techniques for height control

Using Background Image and Adjusting Properties

Another versatile approach to set image size without stretching in CSS is by utilizing background images and adjusting properties like background-size and background-position to maintain the image’s aspect ratio. This technique allows for more control over the image display and can be particularly useful when working with complex layouts or dynamic content.

To begin, you can set the background image using the background-image property. This property expects a URL value pointing to the image file. For example:

<div style="background-image: url('https://seo writing.ai/32_6.png')"></div>

Next, you can manipulate the size of the background image using the background-size property. By default, the value is set to auto, but you can specify other values like cover or contain. The cover value scales the image to cover the entire container while maintaining aspect ratio, and the contain value scales the image to fit within the container without stretching it:

<div style="background-image: url('https://seo writing.ai/32_6.png'); background-size: cover;"></div>

Finally, you can adjust the position of the background image using the background-position property. This property determines the starting position of the background image within the container. You can use values like center, top, bottom, left, or right to position the image accordingly:

<div style="background-image: url('https://seo writing.ai/32_6.png'); background-size: contain; background-position: center;"></div>

By combining these properties, you can effectively set the size of the background image without stretching it and maintain the desired aspect ratio. Experiment with different values and layouts to achieve the desired visual effect.

css set image size without stretching

Resizing Images with the “object-fit” Property

The “object-fit” property in CSS provides a convenient way to resize images proportionally and maintain their aspect ratio within a container, without any stretching or distortion. This property allows you to control how the image content fills the designated space, whether it’s scaling up or down to fit. By using the “object-fit” property along with the value “contain,” the image will be resized to fit entirely within the container while maintaining its aspect ratio.

Here’s an example of how to implement the “object-fit” property:

img {
  width: 100%;
  height: 100%;
  object-fit: contain;
}

In the example above, we set the width and height of the image to 100%, ensuring that it covers the entire container. The “object-fit: contain” property value ensures that the image is resized proportionally to fit within the container while preserving its aspect ratio. The image might have some empty space within the container, depending on the dimensions of the original image and the container itself.

Alternatively, you can use the “object-fit” property with the value “cover” to scale the image so that it covers the entire container, cropping any excess parts that exceed the container boundaries:

img {
  width: 100%;
  height: 100%;
  object-fit: cover;
}

In this case, the image will be scaled proportionally to cover the entire container, cropping any parts that exceed the container’s boundaries. This ensures that the image fills the designated space without distortion or stretching.

Property Values Description
object-fit fill Stretches or compresses the image to fill the container without maintaining aspect ratio.
object-fit contain Resizes the image proportionally to fit within the container, maintaining aspect ratio.
cover Resizes the image proportionally to cover the entire container, cropping any excess parts.
object-fit none Displays the image at its original size, without resizing or scaling.
object-fit scale-down Scales the image down to fit within the container, maintaining aspect ratio. If the image is smaller than the container, it is displayed at its original size.

Choosing the Right Technique for Your Requirements

Selecting the appropriate technique to set image size without stretching in CSS depends on various factors, including browser compatibility and the specific requirements or desired outcome. There are three commonly used CSS tricks that can effectively accomplish this: using the “max-width” property, adjusting background image properties, and utilizing the “object-fit” property.

The first technique involves using the “max-width” property, which adjusts the width of the image based on the width of its container. This ensures that the image maintains its aspect ratio without stretching. By setting a maximum width value for the image, it will shrink or expand proportionally as the container size changes. This technique is widely supported by modern browsers and offers a simple yet effective solution for maintaining image size without distortion.

Another technique is to use background images and adjust the background-size and background-position properties. By setting the background-size to “cover” or “contain” and manipulating the background-position, you can effectively resize the image without stretching it. This technique provides more control over image placement and is useful when dealing with complex layouts or creating dynamic backgrounds. However, it requires additional CSS code and may not be suitable for all situations.

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Technique 1: Using “max-width” – Step-by-Step Guide

  1. Wrap the image in a container element with a defined width.
  2. Add the CSS rule: max-width: 100%; to the image selector.
  3. Ensure that the container element has a width value greater than the maximum width of the image. This will allow the image to resize proportionally based on the container width.

By following these steps, you can effectively set the image size without stretching using the “max-width” technique. Remember to test your implementation across different browsers and devices to ensure consistent results.

css set image size without stretching

Technique Browser Compatibility Level of Control
“max-width” Supported by modern browsers Limited control over image positioning
Background Image Properties Supported by modern browsers Greater control over image placement
“object-fit” Partial support in some browsers Full control over image scaling and positioning

When choosing the technique that best suits your requirements, consider both the browser compatibility and the level of control you need over image sizing and positioning. The “max-width” technique is widely supported but offers limited control, while the background image technique provides more flexibility but requires additional CSS code. The “object-fit” technique offers the most control, but it may not be fully supported in all browsers. Evaluate your specific needs and choose the technique that aligns with your project requirements for optimal results.

Technique 1: Using “max-width” – Step-by-Step Guide

To effectively use the “max-width” property in CSS for setting image size without stretching, follow these step-by-step instructions that include code examples and explanations.

  1. First, select the image element in your HTML code using the appropriate selector, such as class or ID.
  2. Next, apply the “max-width” property to the selected image element in your CSS code.

Here is an example of how the CSS code might look:

.image {
max-width: 100%;
}

This code ensures that the image will never exceed the width of its parent container, keeping the aspect ratio intact.

You can further customize the behavior of the image by adjusting other properties, such as the height or margin, to achieve the desired result. Remember to test your code on different devices and screen sizes to ensure responsiveness and optimal image display.

css set image size without stretching

Benefits of Using “max-width” Considerations
✓ Preserves image aspect ratio – May not work in older browsers
✓ Responsive design-friendly – Requires additional CSS for height adjustment
✓ Easy to implement – Image may appear smaller on larger screens

Technique 2: Adjusting Background Image Properties – Step-by-Step Guide

If you prefer utilizing background images and adjusting properties to set image size without stretching in CSS, follow this comprehensive step-by-step guide that includes code examples and detailed explanations.

The key properties to adjust are background-size and background-position. These properties allow you to control the size and position of the background image within its container.

  1. Start by setting the background-image property to the desired image file. For example:
  2. background-image: url('image.jpg');
  3. Next, specify the background-size property to control the size of the background image. You can choose from various values such as cover (to cover the entire container) or contain (to fit the image within the container while maintaining aspect ratio). For example:
  4. background-size: cover;
  5. Additionally, you can use the background-position property to adjust the position of the background image within the container. This property takes values such as center, top left, or bottom right. For example:
  6. background-position: center;

By adjusting these properties, you can set the image size without stretching and ensure that it fits the container while maintaining its aspect ratio. Experiment with different values and combinations to achieve the desired result.

css set image size without stretching

Property Description
background-image Sets the background image for an element.
background-size Specifies the size of the background image.
background-position Specifies the starting position of the background image.

Technique 3: Utilizing “object-fit” – Step-by-Step Guide

To effectively utilize the object-fit property in CSS for resizing images proportionally without stretching, follow this step-by-step guide that includes code examples and detailed explanations.

1. Begin by selecting the image element in your HTML markup. For example, if your image has the class=”image” attribute, you can select it using the CSS selector .image.

2. In your CSS stylesheet, apply the object-fit property to the selected image element. Set the value of object-fit to contain. This value will resize the image to fit within the container while preserving its aspect ratio.

Example:

.image {
    object-fit: contain;
}

3. Optionally, you can use the object-position property to adjust the position of the image within the container. By default, the image is centered both horizontally and vertically. However, you can customize this positioning to fit your design requirements.

Example:

.image {
    object-fit: contain;
    object-position: top left;
}

4. Save your CSS stylesheet and refresh your webpage to see the resized image without any stretching or distortion. The image will automatically resize to fit within the container while maintaining its aspect ratio.

By following this step-by-step guide, you can effectively utilize the object-fit property in CSS to resize images without stretching, ensuring a visually appealing and responsive design.

css set image size without stretching

Summary of CSS Techniques for Image Sizing
Technique Property/Method Benefits
Technique 1 max-width – Automatically adjusts image size based on container width
– Maintains the image’s aspect ratio
– Responsive design
Technique 2 Background image and adjusting properties
(background-size, background-position)
– Provides flexibility in adjusting image placement
– Maintains aspect ratio
– Allows for positioning and sizing customizations
Technique 3 object-fit – Resizes the image to fit within the container without stretching
– Maintains aspect ratio
– Provides positioning control with object-position

Best Practices for Responsive Image Sizing

When dealing with responsive designs, it’s crucial to adhere to best practices for image sizing in CSS, which include utilizing media queries, optimizing images for different devices, and prioritizing performance. These practices ensure that images are displayed appropriately and efficiently on various screen sizes and devices.

One effective technique is to use media queries, which allow you to apply different styles to images based on the screen size. By specifying different image sizes or adjusting the max-width property within media queries, you can ensure that images are appropriately sized for each device, resulting in a better user experience.

Another important consideration is image optimization. Images that are unnecessarily large can significantly impact page loading times and performance. Make sure to properly compress and resize images before deploying them on your website. Additionally, consider using responsive image formats, such as WebP, that offer smaller file sizes without compromising image quality.

Table 1: Image Optimization Techniques

Technique Description
Compression Reduce file size without sacrificing image quality using tools like ImageOptim or Kraken.io.
Resizing Resize images to the appropriate dimensions for different devices, ensuring optimal display.
Lazy Loading Load images only when they are visible on the screen, improving initial page load times.

Lastly, consider the performance implications of image sizing techniques. Avoid using CSS properties that require significant processing power, especially on older devices or browsers with limited support. It’s important to achieve a balance between image quality and performance to ensure a smooth and efficient user experience across a range of devices.

css set image size without stretching

By following these best practices for responsive image sizing, you can effectively set image size without stretching while optimizing performance for your website or application. Remember to test your designs across different devices and browser versions to ensure consistent and satisfactory results.

Exploring Advanced CSS Techniques for Image Sizing

For those seeking more advanced options for image sizing in CSS, this section explores techniques like utilizing the “aspect-ratio” property, creating fluid image grids, and implementing flexible image containers with insightful explanations and code examples. These techniques provide more flexibility and control over image sizing, allowing for greater customization and responsiveness.

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One technique is to utilize the “aspect-ratio” property, which allows for setting the aspect ratio of an element. This can be particularly useful when working with responsive designs, as it ensures that the image maintains its original proportions regardless of the container’s size. The “aspect-ratio” property can be combined with other CSS properties to create dynamic and visually appealing layouts.

Another advanced technique is creating fluid image grids, which involves using CSS grid or flexbox to create a flexible and responsive grid system for images. This technique allows for easily arranging images in a grid layout that automatically adjusts based on the available space. By specifying properties like column width or row height, developers can achieve precise control over image sizing and arrangement.

Lastly, implementing flexible image containers is another advanced technique that offers more control over image sizing without stretching. This involves using CSS properties like “min-width” and “max-width” to define a range in which the image can resize while maintaining its aspect ratio. This technique is particularly useful when working with images that need to adapt to different screen sizes, ensuring they always look visually appealing and properly proportioned.

css set image size without stretching

Technique Advantages Disadvantages
Utilizing “aspect-ratio” property Ensures image maintains its original proportions. May not be fully supported in older browsers.
Creating fluid image grids Allows for flexible and responsive image layouts. Requires more complex CSS code and layout planning.
Implementing flexible image containers Provides precise control over image sizing. May require additional CSS properties and calculations.

In conclusion, these advanced CSS techniques for image sizing offer more options and customization for developers looking to go beyond basic image resizing. By incorporating the “aspect-ratio” property, creating fluid image grids, and implementing flexible image containers, developers can achieve visually appealing and responsive image layouts without stretching. Experimenting with these techniques and finding the right approach for specific projects can help elevate the overall design and user experience.

Cross-Browser Compatibility Considerations

Achieving cross-browser compatibility is crucial when working with image sizing techniques in CSS, as different browsers may interpret CSS properties differently. This section explores considerations and offers tips for addressing potential challenges.

When using CSS to set image size without stretching, it is important to test your code across multiple browsers to ensure consistent results. Some CSS properties, such as “max-width” and “object-fit,” may behave differently in different browsers, leading to unexpected image scaling or distortion.

To ensure cross-browser compatibility, it is recommended to check the browser support for the CSS properties you are using. Websites like Can I use provide information on the compatibility of CSS features across various browsers. By understanding which properties are well-supported, you can choose the most appropriate image sizing technique for your project.

It is also important to consider the fallback options for browsers that do not support certain CSS properties. For example, if you are using the “object-fit” property, which is not fully supported by older versions of Internet Explorer, you may need to provide an alternative solution or use a polyfill to ensure the proper display of images in those browsers.

Browsers CSS Property Support
Chrome
Firefox
Safari
Internet Explorer Partial
Edge

“Cross-browser compatibility is a crucial aspect of web development, especially when it comes to image sizing in CSS. By testing your code across different browsers and taking compatibility considerations into account, you can ensure that your images appear as intended, regardless of the user’s choice of browser.” – Web Development Magazine

Common Mistakes to Avoid in Image Sizing with CSS

While working with image sizing in CSS, it’s important to be aware of common mistakes that can lead to undesired outcomes. This section identifies common pitfalls and provides insights on how to avoid them.

  1. Stretching the image: One of the most common mistakes is stretching the image to fit a specific size. This can distort the image and make it appear pixelated or blurry. To avoid this, it’s crucial to maintain the aspect ratio of the image while resizing. Using CSS properties like “max-width” or “object-fit” can help resize the image without stretching it.
  2. Ignoring responsive design: Another mistake is not considering the responsiveness of the design. With the prevalence of mobile devices, it’s essential to ensure that the image sizes adapt to different screen sizes. Using media queries and fluid image grids can help create a responsive design that adjusts the image sizes accordingly.
  3. Not optimizing images: Failing to optimize images for web can lead to performance issues and slow page load times. It’s crucial to compress and optimize images before using them on a website. Tools like image compression software or online services can help reduce file size without compromising image quality.
  4. Overcomplicating the code: Sometimes, developers tend to overcomplicate the code when trying to set image sizes without stretching. It’s important to keep the code clean and concise, avoiding unnecessary complexity. Using CSS properties like “background-size” or “object-fit” can achieve the desired image sizing results with minimal code.

By avoiding these common mistakes, you can ensure that your images are appropriately sized without any stretching or distortion. Remember to maintain the aspect ratio, consider responsive design, optimize images, and keep the code clean and simple. Following these best practices will result in visually appealing and well-sized images on your website.

css set image size without stretching

Testing and debugging play a vital role in ensuring successful image sizing in CSS. This section highlights the importance of utilizing browser developer tools, conducting responsive design testing, and seeking feedback for continuous improvement.

When it comes to setting image size without stretching in CSS, it is crucial to thoroughly test and debug the implemented techniques. This helps identify any issues or discrepancies that may arise across different browsers and devices. Browser developer tools, such as the inspect element feature, provide valuable insights into how the CSS properties are affecting the image size and aspect ratio. By examining the rendered image in different browsers and screen sizes, developers can ensure a consistent and visually appealing experience for users.

Responsive design testing is another essential aspect of image sizing in CSS. It involves checking how the images behave and adapt to various screen sizes, from desktop to mobile devices. This can be done by using responsive design testing tools or manually resizing the browser window. By doing so, developers can verify that the chosen techniques are working as intended and that the images maintain their aspect ratio while scaling responsively. It is recommended to conduct thorough testing on multiple devices to ensure optimal performance and user experience.

Seeking feedback from users is a valuable practice for continuous improvement in image sizing. By gathering insights about how the images are displayed and perceived, developers can make necessary adjustments to refine the CSS techniques used. User feedback can be collected through surveys, usability testing, or monitoring analytics data. Listening to the needs and preferences of the target audience helps in refining the image sizing techniques and ensuring that the images are visually appealing and fit seamlessly within the overall design.

“Testing and debugging are crucial steps in ensuring that the CSS techniques used for image sizing are effective across different browsers and devices. With browser developer tools, responsive design testing, and user feedback, developers can optimize the image sizing process and provide an optimal user experience.”

css image sizing techniques

Testing and Debugging Techniques Benefits
Utilizing browser developer tools Identify and resolve CSS issues affecting image sizing
Responsive design testing Ensure images maintain aspect ratio across different screen sizes
Collecting user feedback Refine image sizing techniques based on user preferences and needs

Keeping Up with Evolving CSS Standards

CSS standards continue to evolve, offering new possibilities and techniques for image sizing. This section stresses the importance of keeping up with the latest CSS specifications and embracing new techniques to enhance image resizing capabilities.

One of the latest advancements in CSS is the “aspect-ratio” property, which allows you to set the aspect ratio of an element directly, including images. This property is particularly useful when you want to maintain the original aspect ratio of an image while resizing it. By specifying the desired aspect ratio, CSS will automatically calculate the appropriate height based on the width and vice versa.

Another promising technique is the use of fluid image grids. With CSS Grid Layout, you can create responsive grids that automatically adjust the size of images within the grid cells. This allows for a more flexible and dynamic layout, ensuring that images are sized appropriately across different screen sizes and devices.

Lastly, implementing flexible image containers can greatly enhance image sizing capabilities. By using the “resize” property in CSS, you can allow users to adjust the size of images within a container, giving them more control over the viewing experience. This can be particularly useful for image galleries or websites that rely heavily on visual content.

Benefits of Embracing New CSS Techniques

Embracing new CSS techniques for image sizing not only allows for greater control and flexibility but also improves the overall user experience. By staying up to date with the latest CSS specifications, you can take advantage of new features that make it easier to achieve responsive and visually appealing designs. Whether it’s maintaining image aspect ratios, creating fluid layouts, or enabling user interaction, CSS continues to provide innovative solutions that can elevate your web design.

As with any emerging technology, it’s important to experiment, test, and document your findings. By actively exploring new techniques, you can gain a deeper understanding of their capabilities and limitations. This knowledge will not only improve your own skills but also contribute to the growing body of knowledge within the web development community.

Benefits of Embracing New CSS Techniques
Greater control and flexibility
Improved user experience
Responsive and visually appealing designs
Opportunities for experimentation and learning

css set image size without stretching

Conclusion

In conclusion, mastering the techniques to set image size without stretching in CSS is essential for maintaining image aspect ratio and achieving visually appealing designs. With the various CSS tricks explored in this article, you can confidently resize images while preserving their integrity and ensuring a seamless user experience.

The first trick discussed was using the “max-width” property, which adjusts the width of the image based on the width of the container. This allows you to resize the image without distorting its proportions, keeping the aspect ratio intact.

The second trick involved using background images and adjusting properties like background-size and background-position. This technique enables you to fit the image within the container while maintaining its aspect ratio.

The third and final trick explored was utilizing the “object-fit” property, which resizes the image to fit within the container without stretching. This approach offers proportional scaling of the image, ensuring it looks great on any device.

By implementing these CSS techniques, you can ensure that your images are displayed in the desired size without any distortion. Remember to consider browser support for each property and choose the most suitable technique based on your specific requirements. With practice and experimentation, you can become proficient in setting image size without stretching and enhance the visual appeal of your web designs.

FAQ

Q: What are some techniques to set image size without stretching in CSS?

A: There are three main techniques you can use to set image size without stretching in CSS: using the “max-width” property, adjusting background image properties, and utilizing the “object-fit” property. Each technique has its advantages and can be used depending on specific requirements and browser support.

Q: How does the “max-width” property help in adjusting image size without stretching?

A: The “max-width” property adjusts the width of the image based on the width of the container. This ensures that the aspect ratio of the image is maintained, preventing any stretching. It is a simple and effective way to set image size without distorting the image.

Q: Can I use background images to adjust image size without stretching?

A: Yes, you can use background images and adjust properties like background-size and background-position to set the image size without stretching. By manipulating these properties, you can maintain the aspect ratio of the image and fit it within the container.

Q: What is the “object-fit” property in CSS?

A: The “object-fit” property allows you to resize images within a container without stretching them. It scales the image to fit within the container while maintaining the aspect ratio. This property is particularly useful when you need to proportionally scale images in CSS.

Q: How do I choose the right technique for setting image size without stretching?

A: The choice of technique depends on specific requirements and browser support. Consider factors such as the desired outcome, the level of browser support for each technique, and the compatibility with other CSS properties. Analyze these factors to make an informed decision.

Q: Can you provide step-by-step guides for each technique?

A: Sure! We have step-by-step guides for each technique to help you set image size without stretching effectively. You can find detailed explanations and code examples in the respective sections of this article.

Q: What are some best practices for responsive image sizing?

A: When it comes to responsive image sizing, it is essential to use media queries to adapt images to different screen sizes. Additionally, optimizing images for various devices and ensuring optimal performance can greatly enhance the user experience.

Q: Are there any advanced CSS techniques for image sizing?

A: Yes, there are advanced CSS techniques like using the “aspect-ratio” property, creating fluid image grids, and implementing flexible image containers. These techniques offer more flexibility and control over image sizing in CSS. You can explore them in detail in the advanced techniques section of this article.

Q: What should I consider for cross-browser compatibility when setting image size without stretching?

A: Cross-browser compatibility is important when implementing image sizing techniques in CSS. Be aware of any potential variations in CSS properties and their support across different browsers. Test thoroughly to ensure consistent results across all major browsers.

Q: What are some common mistakes to avoid in image sizing with CSS?

A: Some common mistakes to avoid include improper use of CSS properties, neglecting aspect ratio, and failing to test image sizing across different devices. It’s important to follow best practices and thoroughly test your implementation to ensure optimal results.

Q: How can I test and debug image sizing in CSS?

A: You can use browser developer tools to inspect elements and test different image sizing techniques. Additionally, testing on various devices and seeking user feedback can help identify any issues or improvements that need to be made.

Q: How important is it to keep up with evolving CSS standards for image sizing?

A: It is crucial to stay updated with the latest CSS specifications and techniques for image sizing. As browsers and CSS evolve, new properties and techniques may emerge, offering more efficient ways to set image size without stretching. Keeping up with these advancements ensures you are using the most effective methods.

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BaronCooke

Baron Cooke has been writing and editing for 7 years. He grew up with an aptitude for geometry, statistics, and dimensions. He has a BA in construction management and also has studied civil infrastructure, engineering, and measurements. He is the head writer of measuringknowhow.com

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